There are many different medications that can be used to help manage your diabetes. Each work in a different way & is chosen to help meet your treatment needs.
Medication Options for Managing Type 1 Diabetes:
Insulin is the only available treatment option available for managing type 1 diabetes. There are many different types of insulin available including insulin that you take first thing in the morning or before bed (basal insulin) & insulin that you take before meals (mealtime or bolus insulin). Your healthcare team will work closely with you to determine the best insulin regime for you.
Medication Options for Managing Type 2 Diabetes:
Type 2 diabetes can be managed with various oral agents, injectable medications and/or insulin. Examples of medication options for the management of type 2 diabetes are listed below:
Metformin – helps your body better use insulin & stops your liver from putting too much extra sugar into your blood when not needed.
Insulin Secretagouges (e.g. Diamicron/Gliclazide, Glyburide) – helps your pancreas release more insulin to control blood sugars after you’ve eaten & stops your liver from putting too much extra sugar into your blood when not needed.
SGLT2 Inhibitors (e.g. Jardiance, Invokana, Forxiga) – reduces blood sugar levels by increasing the amount of sugar you pass through your urine.
DPP4 Inhibitors (e.g. Januvia, Trajenta, Onglyza) – helps your pancreas release more insulin to control blood sugar levls after a meal & prevents the release of glucagon (a hormone that causes blood sugars to rise).
GLP1 Receptor Agonists (e.g. Ozempic, Victoza, Trulicity, Byetta) – an injectable therapy that helps your pancreas release insulin when blood sugar is high, stops your liver from putting too much extra sugar into your blood when not needed & makes you feel less hungry.
Ask your diabetes team for more information.